Very hot A/C

Seems one of the sensors in my ac/heater/fan unit don't want to work right. After any amount of time, it blows very hot air. If I turn the fan down to
low, it will start blowing cold again. Could it be the hot/cold vent door? (Forgot the name of it). The fan works fine. The temp control will make it hotter if turned to heat. Also, the clutch does not kick on and off on the compressor. Any ideas as to what it could be? Tanks.
Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload

No refrigerant?
Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload

It's most likely the fact that you neglected to include the year/make/model of the vehicle in question. The operation of a mechanical blend door on, say, a 91 Van will be very different than the electronic controls on, say, an '05 pickup.
Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload
1999 2wd 318 PU
The AC works fine on fan speed 1 and 2. Fan speed 3 and 4 must close the mech blend door because it will blow hot until I turn it back to fan speed 1 or 2. It will run all day on these fan speeds 1 and 2 without blowing hot air. That should narrow it down to something other than the freon, clutch and compressor. ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload

Except the blend door on a '99 is servo-controlled, not mechanical. When it turns warm, is there a decrease in velocity, as well? When you switch back to the lower fan speeds, does it IMMEDIATELY turn cold, or do you have to wait a while?
Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload

The velocity stays the same as far as I remember. It immediately turns cold after 2 secs or so at the most. I don't have to wait for it to get cold. Thanks.
Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload

Okay - then it sounds like your problem is in the AC/heater control unit. When in the two highest positions, the rotary switch isn't providing a ground path for the PCM's A/C switch sense, and therefore, the PCM is shutting off the A/C compressor.
To verify this, remove the dash bezel, and remove the heater control. Disconnect the 7-pin flat electrical connector (note that there's also a 5-pin connector... we want the one with 7 pins). The two pins you're interested in are the green/white (pin #2), and the black/orange (pin #7). (These colors are from a 2001 manual - hopefully they didn't change them from '99, but even if so, the pins are still the same). Now, you want to test the connectors on the control module, not the wiring harness (just using the wiring harness to identify the pins in question).
Using an ohm meter, you should not read any continuity between pins 2 and 7 with the controls off. With the controls in any of the A/C settings, you should read continuity between those two pins. I think you'll find that on the two low-speed settings, you have continuity, but on the two upper positions, you lose continuity.
If that's the case, then you know for sure that your problem is in the heater controls. You have a few options... obviously, you could get a replacement control, from either the dealer, or maybe a salvage yard. However, the real low-buck solution is to just install a switch in the dash, connect one terminal to a ground, and connect the other terminal to an in-line tap of pin #2 on the electrical harness. That switch then becomes your manual "A/C activate" switch - just flip it on whenever you want the A/C to run.
Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload

TOM,
even though it works for a random amount of time then blows hot like it does????? tanks
Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload

I had forgot about the randomness part of your symptoms. Yes, that's strange. However, the only input the PCM has that controls the A/C compressor is the input from the heater control switch, and the high and low cut-off switches. The speed of the blower motor is immaterial to the operation of the A/C system.
You say that if you turn the temp control to hot, the air gets hotter. This tells me that the blend door is functioning properly, and allowing air to pass through the heater core only when you dial the temp up.
It almost sounds like it could be the evaporator freezing up, which would cause the low-pressure side to drop, and the low-pressure cut-out switch would disengage the compressor clutch. However, if that happened, as soon as the evap. thawed, the clutch would automatically re-engage. The fact that when turn the blower knob down, the clutch immediately re-engages, blows the freeze-up theory.
Let me ask you this... when it cuts out, if you flick the speed control down to low, then back up to high (in other words, "fiddle" with the fan switch), will the A/C still blow cold, or does it HAVE to go back to 1 or 2 in order to re-gain A/C function?
Were I in your place, I'd first try the bypass switch idea I detailed previously. Barring that, I'd put a set of gauges on the system, and see what the pressures looked like when it cuts out (assuming you can reproduce the problem while idling). If the gauges don't indicate anything wrong mechanically, but the clutch still cuts out, I'd replace the low-pressure switch.
Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload
hmm, I'' try the switch changing .
also, the evaporator was soaking wet on the outside I remember when I was trying to diagnose this problem. I just thought it was odd that it had moisture all over it. I'm not an a/c guy. I'll take another look at the moisture on the evaporator.
I wont be able to talk to u again till wed or thurs night. going to state babseball tourney. Will let you know when I get back. I appreciate all your time and assistance. oh, could it be a resistor on the blower motor???

Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload

How are you able to see the evaporator? It's inside the HVAC "box" behind the dash. Are you referring to the accumulator, which is a cylindrical container, about the size of a small thermos, on the passenger-side firewall?

No... the blower motor resistor simply controls the voltage supplied to the blower motor. If it goes bad, then your blower motor doesn't work in anything but the highest setting. As I said, the only thing the whole heater control module does to affect the A/C is to provide a ground to the PCM, which then in turn energizes the clutch relay, which engages the A/C clutch (as long as neither the high or low pressure cutoff switch is tripped).
Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload

Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload

Okay - moisture on the accumulator is normal, especially on a very humid day. The accumulator is on the low-pressure side, as it the suction line, and therefore they get cold. Cold metal causes condensation of warm, humid air.
Add pictures here
<% if( /^image/.test(type) ){ %>
<% } %>
<%-name%>
Add image file
Upload

Related Threads

    Motorsforum.com is a website by car enthusiasts for car enthusiasts. It is not affiliated with any of the car or spare part manufacturers or car dealers discussed here. All logos and trade names are the property of their respective owners.