GM never made it's alliance with Fuji Heavy Industries (aka Subaru)
work, so GM sold it's interest to Toyota.
Now Toyota is using it's alliance with Fuji to increase US Camry
production by 100,000 units per year.
Business strategy wise GM sure isn't getting any breaks.
In fact, the entire grand alliance strategy GM invested so heavily in
through the 1990s has fallen apart. GM paid a fortune to divorce Fiat,
ditched the Subaru deal and has almost completely sold it's Suzuki
stake. The Isuzu tie-up seems to have put Isuzu all but out of business
in the US. So far only the China investments are paying off. The rest
have been money down the drain.
As for as I know they each have one and Toyota is building another. The
question one might ask is which corporation has paid million in US corporate
income taxes on the profits it earned in the US, going back to the sixties,
and which one has not paid a penny over the same period of time? ;)
Toyota Motor Manufacturing North America, Inc.
Headquartered in Erlanger, Kentucky. Established in 1996.
TMMNA serves as headquarters for Toyota's growing manufacturing activities
in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.
Manufacturing plant in Long Beach, California. Established 1972.
TABC, Toyota's first North America manufacturing plant, produces sheet metal
components, steering columns, catalytic converters, and coated catalytic
substrates for Toyota's North American manufacturing facilities and for
export to Japan. TABC also assembles commercial trucks for Hino Motors to be
sold in North America. In 2005, the plant expects to have a capacity of
4,000 units and an estimated 10,000 trucks by 2006.
New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc.
Manufacturing plant in Fremont, California. Established in 1984.
NUMMI, a Toyota/General Motors joint venture, manufactures the Corolla and
Tacoma for Toyota, and the Pontiac Vibe for General Motors. The plant has an
annual capacity of 390,000 vehicles.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc.
Manufacturing plant in Georgetown, Kentucky. Established in 1986.
TMMK, Toyota's largest manufacturing facility outside of Japan, builds the
Avalon, Camry, and Camry Solara coupe and convertible, as well as 4-cylinder
and V6 engines and powertrain parts. The plant has an annual capacity of
500,000 vehicles and 500,000 engines.
Bodine Aluminum, Inc.
Manufacturing plants in St. Louis and Troy, Missouri and Jackson, Tennessee.
Established in 1912 and purchased by Toyota in 1990.
The St. Louis plant manufactures engine brackets and carrier covers. The
Troy plant manufactures cylinder heads, cylinder blocks, intake manifolds,
and engine brackets. In late 2005, Bodine will begin production of aluminum
engine blocks at its third plant in Jackson, Tennessee.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Indiana, Inc.
Manufacturing plant in Princeton, Indiana. Established 1996.
TMMI produces the Tundra full-size pickup, the Sequoia full-size sport
utility vehicle and the Sienna minivan, with a total annual capacity of
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, West Virginia, Inc.
Manufacturing plant in Buffalo, West Virginia. Established 1996.
TMMWV manufactures 4-cylinder engines for the Corolla, Matrix and Pontiac
Vibe; V6 engines for the Sienna and Lexus RX 330; and five-speed
transmissions for the Camry, Sienna and RX 330. TMMWV has an annual capacity
to build more than 550,000 engines and 360,000 automatic transmissions.
TMMWV will begin producing automatic transmission gears in 2006.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Alabama, Inc.
Manufacturing plant in Huntsville, Alabama. Established in 2001.
TMMAL manufactures V8 engines for the Tundra. The plant has an annual
capacity of 120,000 engines. It is the first Toyota plant outside of Japan
to build a V8 engine. In 2005, TMMAL will begin production of V6 engines for
the Tacoma and Tundra, with an additional capacity of 130,000 engines. In
2006, the plant will increase capacity of V8 engines by another 150,000,
bringing total capacity to 400,000 units.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Texas, Inc.
Manufacturing plant in San Antonio, Texas. Established in 2003.
In fall of 2006, TMMTX will begin production of the Tundra full-size pickup.
The plant's annual capacity will be 150,000 trucks.
Canadian Autoparts Toyota, Inc.
Manufacturing plant in Delta, British Columbia. Established in 1983.
CAPTIN manufactures aluminum alloy wheels for the North American and
Japanese markets. The plant has an annual capacity of 1.45 million wheels.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada, Inc.
Manufacturing plant in Cambridge, Ontario. Established in 1986.
TMMC builds the Corolla, Matrix and Lexus RX 330 for North America.
Four-cylinder 1.8-liter engines for the Corolla and Matrix are also
assembled at TMMC. It is the first plant outside of Japan to produce Lexus
vehicles and has an annual capacity of 250,000 vehicles and 150,000 engines.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing de Baja California
Manufacturing plant in Baja California, Mexico. Established in 2002.
TMMBC builds Tacoma pickup trucks and Tacoma truck beds. The plant has an
annual capacity of 180,000 truck beds and 30,000 Tacoma pickup trucks. The
truck beds are used in production both at TMMBC and NUMMI.
Headquartered in Erlanger, Kentucky. Established in 2002.
TSSC is a resource for companies across North America interested in Toyota
Production System (TPS) as a way to strengthen the quality and efficiency of
their production systems.
GRL: Looks like one plant for Toyota in Mexico producings mostly parts for a
U.S. plant and a small number of small pickup trucks.
From GM web site (looks like info is somewhat dated):
General Motors de Mexico leads automotive companies in Mexico in sales. It
began operations in this country in 1935 and today has efficient and modern
manufacturing plants in Toluca, State of Mexico; Silao, Guanajuato; Ramos
Arizpe, Coahuila; and in Mexico City. GM's investment is substantial as
Mexico's single largest private employer. GM Mexico assembles many models
for the domestic sales and worldwide export. It markets the Chevrolet,
Pontiac, Cadillac and Saab brands, and Fiat.
GM Mexico Imports:
Cadillac -- Seville STS, DeVille, Catera
Pontiac -- Firebird Trans Am, Grand Prix, Grand AM
Chevrolet -- Chevy Station Wagon, Impala, Tracker 2 & 4 drs., S-10 Pickup,
Blazer, Camero Z28, C-15 Pickup, C-20, P-30, Express Van, Cargo Van, LUV &
LUV Crew Cab, C-15 Extended Cab 3 drs., Malibu, Venture, Tahoe 4 drs.,
Corvette, C-35 H.H.
GM Mexico Exports:
United States -- Cavalier, Sunfire, Silverado, Suburban, Aztek (CY2000)
Canada -- Cavalier, Sunfire, Silverado, Suburban
IPC - Cavalier, Sunfire, Silverado, Suburban, Suburban RHD
Argentina - Cavalier
Chile - Cavalier, Suburban
Ecuador - Cavalier
Peru - Cavalier
Central America and Caribbean - Cavalier, Sunfire, Chevy, Chevy RHD
Silverado, Suburban, Kodiak
Toluca GM SPO Mexico
Toyota appears to have one small truck plant in Mexico. GM makes pickups,
large SUV's, and cars for export to U.S. GM has multiple plants in Mexico.
As for taxes, I don't think GM has paid any federal income tax in years (no
profits). As for Toyota paying corporate taxes here, I don't know and don't
care. They obey the law and if that means they pay their taxes in Japan,
that's the law. Volvo, VW, BMW, Jaguar, GM, Ford, Ferrari, etc.all operate
under the same laws. I do know that their workers here pay their taxes here,
just like me.
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