No. CAFE stands for Corporate Average Fuel Economy. What
it means is that all cars - and the X3/5 are not included as "cars"
(they are included in the new truck standards, but should meet
them easily) - sold by BMW in the US have to meet the 27.5
standard averaged OVER THE ENTIRE FLEET.
But the standard is the "old" fuel economy standard - 325i/330i
gets about 30mpg, 525i/530i about the same. Since that's about
70% of the US sales, they easily out-weigh the 545i/50i/745i/760i/M
sales. That's one of the reasons that a 330i costs about $5K more
than a 325i - they want to sell high-mileage vehicles.
I'm not sure if Mini is included in BMW sales for CAFE - they can only help.
So they use the highway number? I scanned the article trying to look
for whether that number was supposed to be the highway MPG or
the combined city/highway MPG. If it's only the highway MPG then
I guess the 3 series cars would meet it (except perhaps the M3).
I don't understand your comment on 330i vs 325i. The mileage
on both is identical per the data on BMW's website.
This is what I was able to dig out about the definition of "average" under
"(c) Testing and calculation procedures. The Administrator shall measure
fuel economy for each model and calculate average fuel economy for a
manufacturer under testing and calculation procedures prescribed by the
Administrator. However, except under section 32908 of this title, the
Administrator shall use the same procedures for passenger automobiles the
Administrator used for model year 1975 (weighted 55 percent urban cycle and
45 percent highway cycle), or procedures that give comparable results."
Yes, BMW paid a $12 million dollar fine to the NHTSA for failing to meet
this standard in 2005. Mercedes paid $8.5 million and Porsche paid 6.5
It's puzzling as to why BMW and MB don't sell their smaller (1-class,
A-class) cars in the US and Canada, which is, after all the intent of
the legislation. Even if they only broke even on the sales, they'd
still avoid these fines. Perhaps it has to do with cheapening the
brand, or some such MBA concept.
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