Actually, I taught science 101. If the gas is denser, that means that in
every gallon or liter that is colder, you get more energy. More energy
means you go farther.
If the gas is 20 degrees F colder, it contains about 1% more energy or
about a 0.4 mpg difference. If the gas is stored in an underground
container, the gas temperature should be pretty constant. However, the
gas can get colder or warming in transport and when going through the
pipes in the ground.
Haven't you moved the goal posts? You now are saying that the
temperature of the gas from an underground storage tank will be
essentially constant. We can agree upon that, so a gallon of fuel in
the winter is essentially the same volume as that in the summer. Hence
in energy terms a gallon of 'summer' fuel is the same as that of
'winter' fuel. Please explain why winter driving is more fuel
efficient than summer driving. Winter driving is often more fuel
efficient as the driver generally will operate his vehicle more
conservatively due to road conditions.
Where 'benefit' may occur at low ambient temperature is the air is
more dense hence for a given volume, cylinder capacity, a greater
charge of air can be ingested per stroke which will allow more fuel to
be burned hence greater output. That is why intercoolers are used tp
cool the air in turbo charged engines, in case you didn't know. This
has nothing to do with increase in fuel efficiency, simply a potential
increase in power for a given size of engine.
yes, I already pointed out that E15 has about 4.5% less energy that E0 gas.
I don't know how much difference the cold temperature makes, because
most tanks are underground. In theory, none, because the underground
temperature is fairly constant usually about 10 to 15 C, but, the
gasoline may be significantly colder when it is dumped from the trucks
into the ground. And gasoline is not immediately heated or cooled in
those huge underground tanks. It might take a couple of days until it
reaches a steady temperature of about 15 C. But the gasoline might not
last that long in the tank. In addition, the gasoline might be cooled as
it is passing through the pipes in the ground. If the gas is around 0 C,
when it warms up to 15 C (about 59 F), it will expand by about 1.5%.
So the question is, what is the temperature at the point where the
gasoline volume is measured as it is pumped?
gasoline shouldn't be sold by volume, it should be sold by the therm,
like natural gas. that way, there's no gaming of the energy content, no
class action lawsuits over gas being sold short in the summer because
it's warm, etc...
That's an excellent idea. Plus, why should we pay the same tax on E10 as
E0 when it has 3% less energy per gallon? Or E85, which has 35% less energy?
It shouldn't be hard to determine the energy content of different
gasolines and adjust them for the temperature and any additives, like
the oxygenates (usually ethanol) that are added to keep the exhaust clean.
better yet, why should we subsidize farmers to produce the stuff and
give tax credits to the oilcos to use it? we're getting the hose
/three/ ways, not just with lower gas mileage.
just like natural gas.
that smells bogus. it adds to the "oxygen content" going in, but fwiu,
since that oxygen atom is already bound in the molecule, it yields
nothing to the reaction. adding a compound with nitrates would add to
the reaction since they yield free oxygen, but that would add calorific
value too, and that ain't gonna be allowed!
It would still likely be metered by volume so you still have to either
compensate for temperature or... not. The density of gas might vary
by +/- 2% over any reasonable temperature range compared to it's
density at 60F which is where it is theoretically sold. You get
cheated a little in the summer and you cheat them a little in the
winter, unless someone is intentionally heating it up.
Energy content by mass varies +/- 4% around the nominal 44.4 Mj/kg.
10% ethanol knocks it down another 3.3%. Economists would argue that
the market is already compensating for this variability (in
temperature and energy content), but economists never compensate for
the fact that the butcher has his finger on the scale.
I am sure that if they are delivering 1% more gasoline, they are
increasing the price by 3%. But, I am not sure that in the summer that
they lower the price by that amount.
No, the market is not compensating for either of these. The competition
is based on the volume of gas, not the energy content. I have yet to see
a sign that says, "our gas has 44,000 kJ per kg." And I rarely see signs
that tell you if there is any ethanol in gasoline (I only remember one
at a Sunoco station).
Most consumers are not aware that ethanol has less energy content that
gasoline nor are they aware of the energy content of their gasoline or
even if there is ethanol in their gas.
So the market doesn't compensate for the different energy contents.
A lot of people want to buy high octane gas to give their car a treat.
People don't always make logical decisions. And, they don't gather info
to make decisions.
The argument is that, if I own a gas station, I have to make $X in
profit per month to make it worthwhile. All the other gas station
owners are in the same boat. If we all get busted for selling hot/low
energy gas and we have to reform our ways and price our fuel by the
joule, we will adjust our prices so that we will still earn at least
$X per month or higher if the market will bear. Not saying I buy into
this fully, but there is a kernel of truth to this.
Probably true. But I know it and what good does it do me? I still
get my 10% ethanol gas at the same price as everyone else. In
Illinois, you have no choice. I don't know if it provides any benefit
to the gasoline industry either. If they are paying as much or more
per gallon for ethanol as they do for gasoline, they aren't going to
make any more money even if you are paying more per Mj.
Not directly, but it is not certain that the price would be any lower
if they did.
Hence, the Hummer. Kind of puts the low density gas thing in
And you would get 46 mpg if you kept the tire pressure at 34 lbs and
drove at 65 mpg and added a bottle of gas to the gasoline (i.e., the
same volume of the STP).
You'd save money if you didn't use STP.
Motorsforum.com is a website by car enthusiasts for car enthusiasts. It is not affiliated with any of the car or spare part manufacturers or car dealers discussed here.
All logos and trade names are the property of their respective owners.