The 2nd Amendment says nothing about criminal elements and robbers.
Nothing at all. Sandy Froman's first reason goes poof, she made it up.
In her second reason, she contradicts Madison's own words.
"The Founding Fathers were fearful as to what a future national
government might do domestically with a powerful military, and therefore
wanted our standing military to be small." - Froman
Further, she goes off on a tangent with "That way, if America was
attacked by foreigners..."
"Let a regular army, fully equal to the resources of the country, be
formed; and let it be entirely at the devotion of the federal
government; still it would not be going too far to say, that the State
governments, with the people on their side, would be able to repel the
danger. The highest number to which, according to the best computation,
a standing army can be carried in any country, does not exceed one
hundredth of the whole number of souls; or one twenty-fifth part of the
number able to bear arms. This proportion would not yield, in the United
States, an army of more than twenty-five or thirty thousand men. To
these would be opposed a militia amounting to near half a million of
citizens with arms in their hands, officered by men chosen from among
themselves, fighting for their common liberties, and united and
conducted by governments possessing their affections and confidence. It
may well be doubted, whether a militia thus circumstanced could ever be
conquered by such a proportion of regular troops." - Madison
Madison specifically said let the federal army grow as large as it
wants, the combined state militias will still outnumber it. He
specifically said that it's doubtful that the state militia could ever
be conquered by the federal troops.
Madison said nothing about America being attacked by foreigners, nothing
about wanting to keep the federal military small, nothing about the
state militias being our national security. Sandy Froman just made it up.
Her third reason, which she curiously pushed to last while acknowledging
that it was the single most important one, is the only one that didn't
spring from her own mind. As she said, "... the Second Amendment was as
an insurance policy against our own government."
I don't think there really was an original author. Madison "drafted" it,
he probably had nice handwriting.
"Antifederalists supported the proposal to amend the Constitution with
clearly-defined and enumerated rights to provide further constraints on
the new government, while opponents felt that by listing only certain
rights, other unlisted rights would fail to be protected. Amidst this
debate, a compromise was reached and James Madison drafted what
ultimately would become the United States Bill of Rights and that was
proposed to the Congress on June 8, 1789"
But you can see again that the purpose was to constrain the federal gov't.
The anti-federalists wanted to constrain the government. Madison was a
federalist. The amendment was reworded several times in order to get it
passed because they needed the anti-federalists to sign on to some form
of compromise or it wouldn't pass.
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